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She wasone ofthosewom en who are always in a hurly.- OHa 6l
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Youhavemade(very/so/too)many mistakesinyourtestpaper.- TI>lcaezlazl
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coBceM He oc'ranocb.

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rcady left,haven'tthey?- Bcey-eyexazlu,Hc Tax au?
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lehousewasempty.- Becs;loM 681zInyc'
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Iourm eetingsarepublic.- BceHalllu co6pauugo'rxpbl
n lm llny6zlultH.

Let'shave another cup of coffee.- JtaBaîiBlalnBeM eme no oimoiiHatuxe
KoYe.
Givemeanother20 minutes.-JlaiiMHeettw 20MHHyT.
W here istheotherglove?- l-aeB'ropag nepHan a?
W hy are you sitting here alone? W here are the other pupils? - I'
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:aaHSTBechaellL.

OG aJIIXHI>IMH.

Som e people like w inter;other people prefer summ er.- HexoToplale JIIOJIH
aIO6llT 3HMy,apyrHe JIIOJIH npennoqllralo'
rJIeTO.
Learn wisdom by the folliesofothers.- yHllclyMyapocrflHa xly-ux OmHGKaX.

BOnPOCMTeDLHLIP MOCTOMMeHHM

OTHOCMTenLHLIe MPCTOMMOHMS
M ecTouM enlle

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W hatbooksdid you buy? - KaxHe KHurIl'
rslxynHa?
W hich will you have to drink: tea or
coffee? - Yl'
ro BsI6yzm e nH% :qaii#I.
1H

n eJUIOXIeHHIO Am o

IIIeHCTBO.

KTo? YlTo?

W hich ofyou speaksGerm an? - KTo H3

#OmOP02%
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noczlenpunarae
realv

Thisisthebestanswer(that)l'veeverheard.

Horo B npeBocxoimoii - g'ro caMlali zlyqttlle oTBeT,xo-ropsl; x K0c'
rerlellH
raa-zlu6o cnslmaq.

nocnenoplaxoBoro

Thisisthefirsttime(that)Ihelpyou.-zroB

xluczlu-rezlblloro

nepebl; paa,xoraaf '
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tbat nocaeMecw
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ever thin ,little

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nocnecaon,
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3OKBPCMWHH
BCTPCTHSHCL,-BOCKRCCCHBe.
He M BHCHT OT

Thisisnotw hatlwant..-gToHeTo,tl'
ro S
xoqy.

(moqmo)

Idon,tlikewhatyou say.- MHeHeHpaBHercf

what G IIIeCTBHTGIBHOI'
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Kaxoi?

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hest paccTolllulo),qeM Moi.

thefurthest Forfurther information contactM rShow -

don.- 3aaonozllllle
reasllo; HiliopMauueii
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W here's the nearest post-office? - rae

near

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the nearest 6z
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room;theformerwasthebossand thelatter was his assistant.- M ucrep CaMm ab H
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ry;nepBBl;

(Ha yrloMsllynlx) - IIaHaJISHHK,a B'ropoii
(H3ynouglfyrslx) ero Ilouom llnx.
-

Have you heard the latest news? - Bbl

cabltllarlllHoclleal
lHe (n0 BPeMeHH) HOBOm'#1?
He WaS the Iast to come.- 0H npHl
llea

nocaeauuu (n0 nopgaxy)
,.
29

CTeneuu cpaBHeRMn HapeHu:

HapeHue

H a CHHH
S OaOMHTeJbHRH
oimocaoxcllsle,
fast
earl
earl
n ouasozw lale
clearl
'
we11
badly
ucr xm elliu
Iittle
much
far

Knaccu*uzaqunHapetluk
Ha evllm Mee'
ra
Hapeuun BpeMellu

inside,here,below ,where
today,then,when,never,lately,yet

Iia eqlu o6 'azaaeiitqxqs

well,fast,loudl,nicel

Ha euus Me I>II,
Ic'
Telxeuu

ve ,much,enou h,too,so,almost

O6pa3oBaHMe HapeHMë
Cnoco6 o6 a3oBauHn

1.nocae corzlacllhlx
2
.

nocne raacHblx

3.nocae -.
y
4.nocae-le

'
5.nocae-ic
6.cowardly,friendly,silly,Iikely,
livel ,Ionel ,lovel

fl HMe wl
uiet- quietly
careful- carefull
rare- rarely
scarce- scarcel
day'- daily
ha - ha il
terrible- terribly
reliable- reliabl
tragic- tragically
drastic- drasticall
in a friendly way
in a sill m anner

HapetlMn,MMelolqMemBe#OpMbIMpa3H0eZHaHeHMP
close - 6JIH3Ko
dee - r 6oKo
direct- n #Mo
eas - aerxo,cnoxoiuo
fair- Hecn'
llo
free- 6ecnzlaTllo
hard - ce nHo
hi h - BBIcoKO
late- noaallo
m ost- oqellb,BeclaMg
near- 6aH3KO
ret -aoBollbllo,aOm'
aTOHHO
ri ht- n aBHJIBHO,n EMO

dosel - BlluMaTenbllo
dee I - r 6oKo rfe eH.o q BCTBM
directl - HeMemlellllo,BCKO e
easil - cBo6oallo,6eaT aa
fairl - aoBozlBllo
freel - cBo6oim o,aerKo
hardl - eaBa
hi hl - BecbMa,BbICOKO O uelle
latel - HeaaBllo
mostl - I
-JIaBHBIM 06 a3oM
nearl - IIOHTH
rettil - x acHBo;n HBJIeKaTWIEHO
ri htl - cn aBear
luBo

siar - OBHO,TOHHO

Shar I - e3KO,3JIo

wide- IIIH oKo
wron - HeBe HO,Hen aBHJIEHO

widel - noBceMem'
llo
wron I - He3ac eHHO

30

C RBHHTCDLHaH
faster

H eBOCXOAHaH
fastest

earlier

D rliest

m oreclearl
better
worse
less
m ore
farther/further

m ostclearl
best
worst
least
most
farthest/furthest

'

CPaBHMTV BHBIe KOHCTPFKUMM
C IIPMJIaFaTPJII>HI>IMM M HaX HMMMM
KOHCTPyKHHS

as ...as

3HaHeHHe

H PHMePbI
No.othersecretary isasefficientasm ine.HH OJIHH zlpyro; cexperapb TaKCZ Ge KBa-

TaK()zllçe JIMYHMHPOBaHHMGSKaKMO2.
. ..

KaK

Sylvia sings as sweetly as her sister.CHJIBBHS HoG'TaK Xte HYX CHO: KaK H ee

ceclpa.
.
HeTaKO; ... M y salary is notas high a:yours.- M ol
notso /as ...as
KaK
3apnlla'
ra HeTaltas BMCOKaS, KaK Ballla.
'
Thiscaristwke aseconomicalasthat.twice as...as
B,
IlBa/TPM g ra MaIIIHHa B D a pa3a6OJlee 3KOHOMH'B
threetim esas...as paaa... Haa HCM Ta.
'Fhis novel is m uch more interesting.HaMHOIV W OT POMaH POPD'
RO 6(mteHHTePeCHBIX.
m uch,a Iot,far
ropazao She is a lotm unger than her husband. OHarôpaaao Moaome cBoero Mylxa.
CouldyouspeakaIittlkfaster?-rbBopll're '
a Iit%le,a bit
HeMHoro HeMlloro rpoMqe, noxtarlyicTa?
.

ltrained moreand mùreheavily.-Jlolxzw
.

m oreandm ore
the ...the ...

6oaeeH
6oaee

m en clclBlleeH cltnsHee.
Itisgetting colder and colder. - CTaHoBlrrcl xoaoaileeH xozloimee.
Thewarmertheweather,thebetterIfeel.. HCM ... VeM Tenaee noroaw TeM ayqme ;1 ce6E
TeM ...
IIYBA BYIO.
3'
1

Yn0TPe6neHMe HMCDMTeDBHBIX
dozen,hundred,thousand,m illion,billion

6.@Mn HMcnMTensHoe

LIMCrIM-

Tenbl
lble
1
2

one
two

3

three

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
l5
I6
17
18
19
20

four
tive
six
seven
ei ht
nine
ten
eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
ei hteen
' ninetcen
twen

CKOJIBKO?
'

21

twen -one

22
30
33
40
44
50
55
60
66
70
77
80
88
90
99
100
2,000
3,000,000

twen -two
thi
thi -three
fo
fo -four
fi
fi -tive
six
six -six
seven
seven -seven
eih
ei h -ei ht
nine
nine -nine
a one htmdred
hvo thousand
threemillitm

32

On eaeaeHuoe Icoanqec'
rso
threedozen w ords- Tpu AIOIKHHBIcaoB
seven hundred and thirteen m iles- 713 MHJII
y
twen Y ve m illion dollars- 25 MllazluolloBaozma oB

KnaCCM#MKaWHS HMCnMTeDLHBIX
KYnMHeCTBBHH/I
e
DOPAKOBLIP

KaKOM? KOTO B1::
2

tirst
second

tleon eaeaelllloeKoauueclxo
dozensofwords- aecxlxllcnoB
hundredsofm iles- COTHH Mual
a
some millionsofdollars- Hecxoabxo MHJI
JIIIOIIOB zlozlaa oe

thirh
fburth
fifth
. sixth
seventh
'
eihth
ninth
tenth
eleventh
twelfth
thirteenth
fourteenth
fiheenth
sixteenth
seventeenth
eihteenth
nineteenth
twentieth

'

YnOTPe6neHMe HMCnMTOnLHBIX nPM O6O3HaHeHMM
XPOHODOFHHRCKMX 4aT

16(th)January,2008(Br);January l6(th),2008(Am)thesixteenthofJantlary,twentyoh eight;

r '
oasl

Janua the sixteenth,twen oh ei ht
1900 - nineteen hundred
1906 - nineteen oh six;nineteen hundred and six
1983 - nineteen eighty-three;nineteen hundred and eightp three
2000 - theyeart'Wo thousand

7007-twothousandandseven
2010 - two thousand and ten;twen ten

JWCHTHae'ruq

hven -flrst
twen -second
thirtieth
thi -third
fortieth
fo -fourth
tihieth
fi -fifth
sixtieth
six -sixth
seventieth
scven -sevcnth
ei htieth
ei h -ei hth
ninetieth
nine -ninth
onehundredth
two thousandth
threemillionth

ila'
rlyl

the 1960s-the(nineteen)sixties
tjye atltlt)s- thenoughties
the 2010s- two thousand and tens;hven tens

qpo6Hsle uucnuTenBHsle
11 ocrwlea o6u

/zton-a(one)halfofaton
blsmile- a(one)thirdofamile

2/Jbook - two thirdsofa book

114year- a(one)quartero.
f'ayear
3/4hour-threequarters/fourthsofanhour

11/2months-oneandahalfmonths;one(a)month andahalf

2 1/5tons-twoandafifthtons;hvotonsandafifth
3'/4miles-threeand aquarterm iles;threemilesand aquarter

ilecq'
ruullwlea ogu
0.1dollar- nought(zero,oh)pointoneofadollar
0.01 litre- noughtpointnoughtone ofalitre
2.35 kilometres- two pointthree five kilom etres
32.306 tons- thirtp two pointthree noughtsixtons
.

PeaynsTaT

6-coloasl
so

COHMHMTenBHBIe /01*3111
He came into the room and locked the door.- OH Bo-

and
H

both ...and
KaK ...TaKH
but

ttlea B lcoMlla H aarle ase s.

He speaks both English and French.- OH roeopu'
rxax
IIO-RHFJIH;CKH,TaKH rI0- RH 3CKM.
.
He'sahardworking butnotveryintelligentpupil.- OH

HO T JI
OJIIOUHIIbIZ HOHeO1IeHb MHLIX HCHHK.
You can go away,or you could stay wiih me.- TIyI

or

HJIH MoGelllb ;TH,HJIH MO)KelI1G OCO TBCS CO MHOG.
either ...or
Either you willleave the house orIwillcallthe police.
HJIH ...HJIH - ZJIH TbIHOKHHCIIIB AOM,HJIH X BbI3OB HOJIHLIHIO.
neither ...nor
Neither crocodiles nor snakes are mam mals. - Hu
HH ...HH

K OIIOJIHJIBI,HH 3MeH - HeMJICKOHHTaIOIIIHC.

notonly ...butalso She isnotonly a good wife,butalso a good mother.HeTOJIBKO ...HO H OHa HeTOJILKO XO O1tlax XlellayHO H XO 011J% MaTb.

There was no answerto my knock,so 1wentaway.TaK LITO,HTaK Ha K HHKTO He OTBCTHJI,IIO/TOM S tlefl.
therefore
lthink,therefore lam .- S Mblcnlo,caeaoBaTeabllo,
noae
roM
ç IIIeCTB lO.

thatiswhy

Ilovehim andthatiswhy Imarried him .- JI.
:106.
:110
no3TOM

ero,H HO3TO

X Bblllllla 3a Hero 3aM )K.

thu:

He ran awày and thuxescaped arrest.- OH X epltar
lH
TaKHM 06 aaOM TaKHM 06 a3OM H36e)KaJIa eCTa.
otherwise
Hurry up otherwiseyou w illm issthe train.- I'locneHHatle IIIH,HllaHe Onor aelllb Ha nOe3p.

or else

Go away or else lwon'tfinish my work today.- yxoHllaqe ZIH,HllaqeS He 3aKOHq a6O Ceroalls!
consequently
The ozone Iayer is being destroyed. Consequently,
the climate is changing.- OaolloBlzîicaoiipaapym acllenoBaTelll
allo eTCJI.CJICAOBaTeJIbHO,H3MCHSG'CS KJIHMaT.

JWS COCAHHeHHS He3aBHCHMLIX HPCJSOGCHHZ CR/NRT TaKee CzelyemHe

npoTuBonocTaBneHue

COIO3blyHV CHHS H nPCqJ1OrH:

qononHeHHe
also/too/aswell

Shenotonly singj;she also playsthe piano.She not

only sings;she playsthe piano too (aswell).
- OHa He
T0)KeNTalolfe TOJIBKO IIOUG OHaTalfNeH ae'rHa IIHaHHHO.

either

You don'tlike m e.Idon'tlikeyou either.- .$lTe6e He
Toxle,Tam e H aBJIIOCB.W lMHeToeeHe H aBHHIBCS.
in addition
H eplaystennisin addition to footballand basketball.x oM e Toro

OHHrpae'
rBTeHHHC,aTaloxeBYylfo;lHsacxmfoa,

whatism ore/
Y ou haven,tprepared yourreport.W hatis moreyou,ve
furtherm ore/
lost some importantdocum ents.- BbIHe noaroToBuall
m oreoverG
JIOKJIM . SolleeTOrO,BbIIIOTePXJIH BaellbleAOW MCHTM.
onee Toro
besides
Itistoo latetogo outnow'.Besides,itisstartingto rain.
- V)
Ke rlO3;lHO l(yJla-J1H6O HATH.KPOMW TOFO,HaHHIlaeTK 0MeTOrO

except
:
QqHCIUIIOHCHHCM

although / though / M though the carwas cheap,i
twasin good condition.even though
Xou Mamlll!a 6Bma aemeBoz,oHa 6Bma B xopom eM
xou

inspiteof/despite

HCCMO S Ha M lalHOHSJIH ero,HCCMOT S HaeP0 aKIJCHT.
There are,however,som e exceptions to this rule.OqHaKO OJIHaKO,eC'
IY HCKJIIOHCHHS K3TO H aBHJI .
still
Iwas annoyed stilllkeptquiet.- 516Iam HeaoBozlell,
TeM He Meliee,BCellle l1O BCeXteCOX aHSJICIIOKOZCTBHC.

however

yet
He is very wealthy,yetvely pnhappy.- OH oqellb
TeM HeMeilee,BCeXte Uora'ryH TeM HeMellee,OHCHG HCCHaW XH.

while/whereas

XOIKH,M HCI
UIHM IIHCM K IV tl'
ro ne BOCJlelxleB'
ID Om .

lt'san easy task foran expert,while (whereas)itis
difficult fora novice.- g'
ro zlerxag aaaaqa arlx axc-

OSHRKO,Torsa KaK lle Ta,OSHaKO CJIOIKHM JUIS HOBHVKa.

nevertheless

W e gave her some good advice. Nevertheless, she
didn'tfollow it.- M BIaarlu eiixopomu; cosm..TeM

CSJIOIKJW.

Theexercisesarequitesimilar,exceptthatthefirstone
iseasierthanthesecond.- ynpmxlleul
u noBoasllo no-

cocerofiluu.

W eunderstoodhim in spiteof(despite)his'
accent.-

TCM HeMellee HeMelleeyOHa CM He nöCJlen0BaJ1a.

ontheone/otherhand
COmlO2/A

Thejob wasn'tinteresting,buton theotherhand it

was wellpaid.- Pa6o'
ra 6bI
.
qa HeHllrrepecHoii, Ho c
îiCrO HbI A roliCTO OHb1NOHaXO 01110 OHJIRHHBRJIaCB.

35

CoI
.
a nocrpoeH
B Kolm e 17 Belca.
l
Everything willturn outwellin the end.- B xolme Kolm oB Bce aalcollqHe
rcl
6zlaronozlyuHo.
W e alwayswrite an essay at the beginning ofthe schoolyear.- B Hauaae
yHe HOrO rolla MM BcerlaIIHI
IICM COYIHHCHHe.
In thebeginningGodmadeofnoughthmvenandeart
h.-Buailane6orcoxm H,o
H K MJIIO.

H eaaor

3llaqeune

11 HMe I>I
She often goes for a nm before breakfast.- OHa
BEFORE ilo,pallbme Hacro nenaern o6ellœu He ea aaBT axoM.
After rain com es fair weather.- Flocne Heuacrbf
AFTER
Hoczle,3a Ha nam 'xo om ax noroaa.
FROM ...
W edanced from tenp.m .tillthreeinthemorning.TILL /TO
C ...HO M bITalm eearlllc 10 Beqe a,no 3 w a.
lwillbe atthe officebetween 9 and 11 mm .- JI
BETW EEN
Mew ly 6 B o Hce Mev 9 u 11 HacaMu T a.
BY
K,Henoa-e Shehad leftschoolbyJnne2009.- OHaaaxolltlr a
qeM B
mxo KHIOHIO2009 rona.,
Taxeswillnotbe raised untilthe end of the year.UNTIL
Ao
HanorH HenoBblcl'
rao Kollua roaa.
c,
Ihavebeen learning English since childhood.- JI
SINCE
HaHHHRSC 113 tlalo aHFJIHiiCKH; CJIG CTBa.
W ehavebeen friendsfor along tim e.- M i,laaBilo
FO R
BTeqeifHe Jl IKHM.
BTexlellue, Iworked inashopduringmyholidays.-JIpa6oTaDURING
BOB eMS JlaBMara3llHeBO B eMSKaHHK Jl.

Czleaymmuetlpazlu HeTpe6ylo'
rnpeaaora:
thedaybeforeyesterday
the day aftertomorrow
yesterday/tomorrow evening
Iast/nextweek
thismonth
thistim enextweek
alIday/nightlong
once/twiceaday
theotherday
every otherday

uo3aeqepa
nocaeaaBTpa
Byepa1aaB'
rpaBeHvpoM
Hanpomao;/caeaylomeiiHeaeae
B 3ToM Meogue
B3T0 BpeMx Hacaeayl
ome; Heaene
Becsaeils/Hoxlh
oally/;wapa3aBnel!la
Haxlu x
Hepe3aellb

npennoru MecTa
AT
o6oàllaqae'
rMetq'o,rAe npoHexonll'
rJIC;CTBHe
atthe buSstop
HaOCIXHOBKe

atthecrossroads/traffk lights
atschool/university
atwork /m eeting
attheparty /concert
atthe station /airport
atsomebody'splace
atthe doctor's/chemist's

Hanepexpemxe/cBeroiope
'

BI
zlxoae/yHueepclfe
re'
re
Hapa6o'
re/co6pallHu
Ha Bexlepllllxe/Kolluep're
Ha Boxaane/B aaponop'
ly
y xoro-ilu6yabaoMa
y Bpaqa/B arrrexe

atthesugermarket/baker's

BcynepMaplce're/6yapqlloii

atreceptlon
'
atthe door/window
atthetable
atthebeginning/endofthestreet
atthetop /bottom
at4 FleetStreet

y M MHHHCTPRTOIM
y m epu /ol
clla
3ac'
ronou
BHaxlaqe/BKolmeyllltulal
BBepxy /BHH3y
B noMe.
N24 no OJIH'
I'CTPHT

on thetable/wall/floor
on thenoticeboard
on am ap
on apage
on the menu
on a Iist

ON
Ha IIOBePXHOCTH
Hamrlle/m'
elle /noJIy
HaaOCKCOW SBJIeHH;
HaKaPTe
HaCTPaHHIK
B MCHIO

inthebox

H eazlor
ABOVE
O VE
R
BELO W

Ha l'
trlxllle /nosepelltbe
Ha OCITOBe
HaPelle
no IIFIM,no nopore

l?ç
Buye
rpm B orpalm qelm oM npoeTpallcrse
Bkopo6xe

intheoffice

Boillce

in thebuilding
in hospiàl/prison
in thetown /city /country
in the m iddle/center
in thesuburbs
in thegarden /field/mountains

B3AaIIHH
B 6oasHHue/Tlopl
aMe
B ropone/c'
rpalle
B uellTpe
B npuropoae
Bcaay/noae/ropn

B'
I
-eHH /TeMllo'
re
Bpexe/Mope
Ha yauue/npocnex'
re/Hnomalm
B auulflo /pxa /oqepezw
B raam'
e/Aypllazle

HaKapw lle/tloe
rorpaillu
Hayauue OJIHT C'
rpu'
r4

H HMe lyl
Thetemperature neverrose above 10 C.- TeMrlepaHaa,Bblttle
a HHxoraaHe nozmlfMazlacbBsltue 100C.
There'
sa lam poverthetble.- HM jvroaoM BHCHT
Haa,Bllm e JlaMna.
The Dead Sea is below sea level.- M epTBoe Mope
non,lm -e Haxoallercx Hl- e OBH? Mo #.

Yourslippersare unàer the sofa.- TBOH TarlotlKu

UND ER
BY

noa,Hll-e c'
rox'
rnoa auBalloM.
,oxoao Hesatdown b thewindow .- OH cen oxlla.
The hotelis situated near the sltion.- O'
I'
GIB pacNEAR
Boane
nozlo-ell JmoM cBoKaaJIoM.
Ourhouse is beside the river.- Ham aoM C'
TOHT y
BESIDE
psaoM c
CKH.
They were sitting opposite each other and talking.OPPO SITE Hanpol'
llB OHH CHaeJIH Apyr Hanpo-ruB Jlpyra H paaroBapHBaJIH.

IN FRO NT
OF
BEHIND

HaYePMC
HaOKPaHHe
I1O pa;IHO,no TeJICBHAeHHIO

Ha cozllm e
uon nolm eu

3llaqellue

ilcnHcxe

onthebeach/coast
ontheisland
on ariver
on thew ay
on a farm
on the outskirts
on theradio,on TV

BHe6e

in thesk'y
in thesun
in the rain
intheshade/dark
'in theriver/sea
in astreet/avenue/square
inaline/row /queue
in a newspaper/m agazine
in apicture/photograph
in FleetStreet4

H estoppedin frontofthedoorandknocked.- OH
ocrauoimac? ne ea zwe Ialo H no qarl.
1 don'
t want to discuss itbehind his back.- JlHe
3a,noaanlf xoxl 06/ N la'rba'
ro 3aero cnHHO;.
nepen

She placed the letier jnside the envelope.- OHa

INSIDE

BHy'
I'
PH noao-lm anucbuo BKoHBe T.
BHe,3anpe- 1511 meet you outside the theatre at 2 o'clock.- JI
O UTSIDE
qezlaMll 6 lxzla'
rlyTe6x Tea'
r a BnBaqaca.

BETWEEN

Mev y

AM ONG

uextay,
C C;m

AROUND

BoKpyr

lt'sjustbetweenyouandme.-g'
roc'
rporoMexcny
HaMH.

Hewasam ong themany visitorsto the exhibition.OH 61121C CJIH MHOFHX IIOCG HTCJIG BGICOBKH.

We like gathering around tlie table for a iamily
meal.- M BIJIIo6HM co6upan cl 3a c'
ronoM Ha ceMe;HBI; uH.
41

40

npennorM HanpaBneHMn ABM-eHMR

GO

tow ork- IIaTH Hapa6o'
ry
from work - HJITH cpa6on l

TURN

home,tomyhome-IIJII.H(Kce6e)aoMoii

M OVE

fora walk /a nm - HATH Ha nporynxy /npo6e-lk'
y
by car,Ho:in a car- exa'
rs Ha Mattlulle
by train.Ho:on atrain - exan noè3aou
onatrip/atour/acruise- exaa BnyremecrBHe
onbusiness- exa'rsBKoualmupoBlk'
y
on holiday,forone'sholidays,onvacation-exan Bo'
rnycx
to somebody'splace-npuxonun K.xoMy-a.zloMo;

home,tomyhome- npuxoaun (Kce6e)noMo;
COM E

REACH

back home - BoaBpam an cg aoMo;
back to w ork - BoaBpatllarbcx Hapa6o'ry
back from Paris- Bepllyn cx 1
43l'
lapuxta
from lxmdon - npuexars143Jlom oilw 61% poaoM 143Jlom oHa
intotherbom -Bxoau'rbBKoMua'ry
tothestation.
-ao6paa cfnoBox3arla

home,tomyhome- npllxoim'
rs(xceGe)aoMoii
back feom one'sholiday - :eplly'
-ripcx143o'
rnycxa
GET
on a bus- caalse
rscs B aBe
ro6yc
offa tram - BblxoillrrB 1
43TpaMBag
into a car- caimn cx B MamHlly
outofataxi-Bblxozmn 163Talccu
toM insk- BepllyrbclBM IIHCK
RETURN from M oscow - Bepllyn cx H3M oclœEl

home,tomyhome- Bepllyncl(Kce6e)aoMoli

HpeAaor

3HaHeHHe

ZPHMePLI

UP

esepx

He wentup to the 15thtloorofthehotel.- OH nonIuacx Ha l5-; 3TmK o'
repu.

DOW N

BHH3

ALONG

BaoaB

lsaw him walking down the street.- S Blm ezfa,Kax
ollItlea 8HH3no ylm ue.
They were slowly cycling along the road.- OHH
Mem eHHO eXARH HaBellocllneilen0 JIopore.

ACROSS

Hepea

Can you swim across the rivef? - TI>lMometlll
anepermsrrs qepeapel
cy?

'
l'herailtrack passesthrough the forest.- Xteneallaf
aopora npoxoim'rHepeaaec.
.
no HanpaB- W e were walking towardsthe centerofthe town.TOW ARDS JICHHIOK M GIIIIJIHHOHaHPaBJICHHIOKtlell'
rpyrOPOJIa.
.
He putsome sticksofwood into the fire.- OH no-'
INTO
Blly'
rp? JIOIKIUIHCCKOJILKO 6PeBeH B KOm'CP.
TIIROUG H

O UT.O F

in acity /a country - npu6lalBan B ropoa /c'rpally

ARRIVE atthestation/theoffice-npHea-a'
rsHaBoxaap/Bolmc
home,atmy home-nplfea-a'
rb(Kce6e)zloMo;
M oscow - yeaaa'
rb H3M ocKBbI
forM insk-yea-a'rlaBM HHCK
hom e,my hom e- yea-an 113zlova
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DEPART from London - yeama'rbu3Jlolm olla
ENTER theroom - Bxoau'
rbB Koulla'
ry
the university - nocryna'
rs BynuBepcu'
re'
r

LEAVE

42

thetopûfthem ountain- aocrunbBepmulll,lropsl
left/right,to the left/right- noBepllyrsHaaeso /HanpaBo
th
e corner- noàeplly'
rs aa yroa
to a neW Place- Ilepee3-a'
rb Ha HOBXIO KBaPTHPY
from a Country house- C'
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FROM
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FROM

qepea

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Bsl6elxaaaH3xoMlfarlal.
A man cam e out from behind the trees. - H3-3a
Hr
j-aa
aepeBlaeeBblttlezlKaxoii-'
ro Myxtxluua.
People m ust urgently m ove aw ay from floodable
HPOHG,OT areas.- JIIOJIH JOJIIKHBICPOHHO yexa'
rb 113 3aTanJ1HBaeMblx paiiolloB
HaHyTpH

43

npennoru o6paba AeëcTBun
AT

ata loss
atapriceof
atbreakfast/dinner/supper

BpacTepgHHocTH
no uelle B

3aMBTIMKOM /O6eA0M /YIKHHOM
rIO CC6eCTOHMOJTM

atcost

atfirst
atfirstsight,ataglance
athand
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atleast
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atrisk
atthedisposalof
attheexpenseof
atthe latest
atthespeedof
atthetem peratureof

cllatlalla

cnepnoroB3raxna,Cpa3y
nOa pyKoi,6aH3KO
HaKolleq

no Kpaiillez Mepe
nonpoclze
cPHCKOM
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co CKOPOCTIX
nPH TeMnepao pe
BY

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rlo OI1IH5I(e

by al1means
bychance,byaccident
bycheque,bycreditcard
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by heart
bym eansof
by m istake
by name
by phone
by Post
byprofession
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in any case .
inbrief
in cash
in com mon
in comparison with
inconclusion
indanger
in detail
in difficulty
in English
in exchange for
in fact
in general
in honourof
in ink,in pencil
in one'sopinion
in otherwords
in person
in placeof
in practice
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in reality
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in written form ,in writing

THXHM /IQOMKHM POJIOCOM
BGecnopxpl
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aapallee
BO BCRKOM cllyHae
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HaJIHHHbIMH

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FO R

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45

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IN

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46

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apologizetosmb.forsmth.

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asksmth./aboutsmth.
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preparefor
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48

cnopu'
rsc KeM-au6o o qeM-.
rlle o
npocu'rsy Koro-nu6o HTo-aH6o

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49

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50

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51

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eillE
IolllH6ae1'ecB.
Thisdress doesn,tsuityou.- zro nllau
'
rheTe6e HeHire'
r.

'
a.llpuMenallue:
raarozlblfeel,look,see,think,haveMoryryrloe
rpe6axn cx B ContinuousB
caeaylomux aHaqeHHlx:
H eisfeeling bettertoday.- Ceroalu ollxlyBcrBye'rce6x ayqtue.
W hatareyou Iooking for?- tl'roTblIfmeltls?
lam seeing M ark tom orrow .- JIBcrpexlalocb cM apxoM aas'
rpa..
W hatareyou thinking about?- O qeM TBlo Maetllb'?.

Frankishavingdinner(arest,alesson,asmoke,acold,ashower,agood
time)now.- *paHK ceiiqac o6enae'
r tolo rxae'
r,BaflllMaerol,KITHT,npoC'
l'
yIKeH,IIPHHHMaG Jl
yl11,XOPOI1IOIIPOBOAIITBPCMS).
55

54

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

;REssNvpenFEcv
YTBepAHTeqbHzH

CKTHMaTûRLHZH

BOHPOCHTeQLHaH

lmpMa

4mpMa

lopMa

I
We
Y ou
n ey
He
She
It

have known

hasworked

l
W e have notknown
You
They
He
'She
lt

hasnotworked

She has never apolo- They haven'tseen each
gized in herlife.
otherforyears.

H ave w e Itnown?
you
they
he
H as she worked?
it

Have you ever been in
love?

YTBePAHTeRbHZH

CXPHH#TeHYHaR

TZHPOCHTûRLHaS

(opMa

lmpMa

lmpMa

l
W e havebeen
You working
They

I
W e have notbeen
You
working
They

l
Have we
been
you w orking?
they

He
She
It

He
She
lt

he
H as she
it

hasbeen
w orking

hasnotbeen
workin'
g

been
working?

W e have been w aiting Shehasn'tbeen knitting How long have you been
foryou sincem orning. formanyyears.
buildingthehouse?
Cayuau ynoTpe6aeuuu

Czlynau ynoerpe6aelllm

1.AeicTBHe HaHRHOCB B OnpeneaeH- Jeffhas been loolting fora job r
for
1. neicrBue, aaBepltlHBttleecf l have j.ust nni
- shed rea
.ding the book.
Jlo KaKorO-TO MOMCHTa BPeVeHH B Hatrrosm eM

-

S

TOJILKO HT0 M KOHHHJIRHHTaTB KHHV .

2.coG rrlle,npollaolllealllee B W hereisyourkey? - lam afraid Ihave lostit.
npolll/loM H llMemmee peaylll,- - Fne TBo; KnIOH?- Bolocb,rIero noe
repsa.
TaT BHace
m sm eM

They have been to London three times.- OHH
3. eczlllyl
caaaHo, cxollbKo paa 5Btr
IH B JlollzlolleTPH paaa.
rlpolool
llaoJleiitrrBlfe
lt is the first time he has driven a car.- OH
erlepebleIle.
q MaluHHy.
4.BKollcrpyxuuu
They havebeen friendssincethey m et.- OHH
PresentPerfectsince
6I
amH Apyau Mu c Tex nop, Kax noaHaxoMuPastIndetlnite
nucb.

HI>l; MOMCHT BPCMetIH B IIPOIHJIOM, over a year, but he still hasn,t found
JUIIUIOCL B Teqelllle OIIPO eJIeHHOI'O One. Xl
lleY Hme'
r Pa6o'l*
y 6tlJIbI
JIe

neplloAa H V e eme HPOJIOJIIKRG'
CS B roila,HO em eHH*IerO HeHalllell.
HaCTOSIID M

2. aelic-rBue Haqanocs B onpeaeneuHGI; MOMeHT BpeMellu B npottmoM, You're outofbreath.H ave you been
m ltrlocb B TeHellHe OIIPO GICHHOFO running? - W ITSIKeJIO D IIIIHIIIIa.W I
HePHO;la,TOJIBKO qTO M BCPIIIHJIOCB H ue)KaJI?
HMCG BHAHMBI; Pe3yJ1LTaT
Nx

O6cToxTeabcl'
Ba BpeMeuu:
fortwohours,sinceyesterday,al1day long,
How long ...? Sincewhen ...?

.

O6c'ros'
realyc'
rBa BpeMelm :

ever,never,always,already,yet,just,lately,recently,before,today,this
week,once(hvice,threetimes),inthelastftw weeks,
for2 hours,since morning,a1lmy life,Sincewhen ...?How long ...?

56

57

PAST CONTINUOUS
cnoco6slsslpa-eHMm npomenmero BpeMeHu
PAST INDEFINITE
YTBQPAHTeZLHaH

CKTHH#TeRBHaH

SWNPOCHTûRLHaS

#opMa

(mpMa

lmpMa

l
He
She w orked
It
knew
We
You
They

l
He
She did notwork
It
did notknow
We
You
They

Did
Did

I
he
she work?
it
know ?
we
you
they

YTBepaMTp-qnHag

CWPHMRTe/LHZH

BOHPOCHTeRLHaR

YopMa

(opMa

(epMa

I
He
She
It

l
He wasnotworking
She
It

l
W as he working?
she
it

We
You w ereworking
They

We
You w srenotworking
They

we
W ere you working?
they

Iwasreading a book at
5 o'clock.

Thechildrenweren't
sleepingwhenwecame
back. .

W ajN ickdrivingthe
caratthetimeofthe
accident?

wasworking

He bought a new car a Susan didn't m ake any Did you hear a strange
month ago.
m istakesinthetest.
noiseatnight?

CayqaH ynoTpe6aeHHR

Czlyuallynorpe6aenus

1'aeicTBHe'KOTOpOe HPOHCXO- He was working the whole day yesterda'
y.-

She published herfirstnovelin 2008.1. zlelic'
rBlle, npollaollleam ee B OHa ony6nllKoBaaa nepBbllipoMallB 2008
HexoTopbl; MOMQHT BPeMCHH B rony.

npomaoM (BpeME neiio-rBlu yKa%l- TheFrench invented thecinema.- mpallBael'cq HnH Hoapa3yMeBaercgl
,
'
lly3b1H306peJ1HXHHeMaTOITW .
.
.

1gotup at7 o'clock,had breakfastand
2. noB'
ropxlom llel= HJIH nocne,
lo- wenttowork. - S Bc'ra.rlB 7 qacoB,noaaeBaTeabilbleJîeIiCTBHJIB npollllloM
TpaKar
fH nom e.q Hapa6o'
iy.
O6cTos'
reabcrsa speMenu:
yesterday,lastweek,long ago,earlier,then,in May,insummer,in2006,
in childhood,onholidays

auzlo (m ltrlocs)BToxmoespe- OH pa6o'
razlBxlepaBecsaellB.
Ml B npomhoM

lt was raining when I arrived.- Korip ;1

2.
neice
rBue,HaYolleHnHB
npouecctPD BUTIU KoToporo

n
pHexar
l,menaov s.
W hile Sally w as cooking,M ary was Iaying

npoHx ttmo apyroeaeic-rBue

the tetble. - rloxa CaM u I-OTOBHJIw M apu
HaxpslBazlaHac'
roq.

3.caumxoM xlac'
ro noB'
roplB- Shewasalwaystalking aboutherhealth probItleecx aeicrBue,Koe
ropoe BBI- lem s! - Bexluo oHa paccxax leaqa o cBollx
asmaao Hezlosozlbcreo,paaapa-. npo6aeuaxcoaaopoeBeM!
aelllle

O6croq'reawerBaBpeMellu:
at5o'clock,from 3to4,atmidnight,thewholeday,
atthattim eyesterday,while,whenthephonerang,whenhecame

59
58

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

PAST PERFECT
YTBepAHTeRbHaR

CNTHUaTeaLHaH

BonplcHTtabllaR

YopMa

YopMa

YOPMR

I
He
She
lt
We
You
They

had worked
had known

1
He
She hadnotworked
lt
hadnotknown
We
You
They

Had
Had

l
he
she worked?
it known?
we
you
they

YTBepaHTenbHa?

C#MPHIOTûRBHaM

BonpocHTeabHaH

YopMa

YopMa

YopMa

l
He
She
lt
We
You
They

hlld beitn
w orking '

l
He
She
lt
had notbeen
We
working
Y(
)u
They

l
he
she
Had it
been
we worldng?
you
they

They had finished the I realised that he had Had the police arrived
cleaningby5o'clock. reteived bad news.
beforeheescaped?

She wanted t4 sit down I1ewasnottired because Had you been waiting
because she had been hehad notbeen exerttis- there for more than an
standlngallday.
ing hard,
hourwhen shearrived?

Cay.lallynoTpe6aellu%

Cayqau yno'rpe6aeuu?

1. aeicerBlle, xoe
ropoe 3aBepmulloch zlo onpeaeaeuHoro MOMCHTa BPCMQHH B
npoltllloM

lrememberedthatwehad metbefbre.- JlBcrloMHHa t1TOMbIBcTpetlaaHcbpallbllle.
,
My bossWasangry ashisdocumentshad disappeared. - M o; 6occ arllm cll,TaK KaK ero noltyMeHTBIBctle3J1I
4.

2.BKouc.
rpyKulllf
PastPerfed before
Pastlntlesnitt

They had known each otherfortwo yearsbefore
they gotmarried.- OHH 3HanH apyr apyra aBa
roaaaoToro,Kaxnomellunllcb.

3.BxoHce
rpyxuulf
Pastlndefinite after
PastPerfect

lcame to the station afterthetrain had Ieft. - S
nplfexa;lHa BoK3aJ1nocaeTOr0,KaK HOe3J(ytllefl.

lthoughtshehad been talklng onthephonesince
24eicTBI
1e Hatlanocb 2
)0 ()n- early m ûrning. - S nonyMazl,trro OHa Pa3roBapI1-

peaellelllloro MOMCHT:Bpe- BlmanoTemeiohly(:caMolloy'rpa.
MCHH B l1PO1l1JIOM H Jej
'1He
' 1had been renting a tlatforfiveyearsbefore 1
aocb BTCtlellHeOHPCPIC21CII- could buy ahousc. - 11CHPIMrIKBaplTfl)y B TetleHoro llepl4o;m
HHCHi'
rllJleT, llpeexeCMOPK#1'
1HTbXOM.
O6txon'reawcl'
Ba BpeMeHu:
for2hours,sincemorning,alldaylong

O GCTOslTeJI1>eTBa BpeMeHH:
by,before,after,
hardly ...w hen,scarcely ...when,nosooner...than

61
60

FUTURE CONTINUOUS

Cnoco6slsslpa-eHup 6ynylqero BpeMeHM
FUTURE INDEFINITE
YTBepAHTûqbHas
*G

CKPHURTeQ&HaS

BOHPOCHTqRBHZM

Ma

Ma

l
He
She
It
willwork
We
You
'
Fhe
Hewillbeheresoon.

l
l
He
he
She
she
lt
w illnotwork
W ill it
work?
We
we
You
you
The
the
You won'tIike hisIatest W hen will they come
book.
back?
Cayuau yno'
ipe6aeuul
1. neiic'
rBple, KoTopoe npo- 1willarriveat6,Ieavemy thingsatthehotel
I
ooliae'
r B KaKoi-'
ro MoMeH'r and takeawalk.-JIrlpueays6,oc'
raBalo Bella
B eMeHH B 6 IIJeM
B I'
OA HRHI!eH noiia Ha rl O Jllt .
2. HeH36e)KHOe qeiic'rBlfe B The temperature will fallto 30C tom orrow .GynymeM,Ha KOTOpOe HeJIB3: 3ampa'
fem epa'
l
ypaynaaerao3ûC.
HOBnHXTB

3. aeic'
rBlle, pem ellue o BBI- ltlookslike rain.lwilltake my umbrella then.HOJIHeHHH ItoToporo IIPMHSTO 11OXO)Key6y5e1*AOIKJIB.B TaKOM Cllytlae S BO3I=

aMOMJHT eHH

yTeepaHTeabHaM

t#6pHuaTeqbuaH

BonpocHTeabHan

IYPMa

IYPMZ

IOPMR

l
He
She

I
He
She

l
he
she

lt wil)beworking
We
You
They
She will be writing a
letterat6p.m ..

lt willnotbeworlting W ill it beworking?
We
we
You
you
They
they
I won't be sleeping W hatwillyou bedoing
whenyou com e.
thistimetomorrow ?
CayqaH ynoTpe6aelm M

Thistime nextweek shewillbeIying on the,
beach.- B 3TO BpeMs Ha CselyDwe; Heaeae
Ae;cTBHe, KOTOPOe 5y51T oHa6yl?raeeaTbHannqme.
HPOHCXOAHTB B TOHHOe BpeMS The children will be doing their hom ework

B6ya meM

when Icome back from work.- JIt'I'M 6yiyr
iwna'rBD OKH,KorpaSHp#I;!yCPa6OTbI.

O6ce
ros'
reawtvrsa BpeMeuH:
at5o'clock,from 5to6,atmidnight,thistim enextweek,thewholeday,
while,whenheretum s

cC0607 XHT.

lwilldo my bestto fulfilthetask.- JIcaenalo
4.zull Bl>lpalkeHHq corllaclll, Bce BO3MOIKHOe, qTO6blBBIrIOJIHH'
I'
B 3M aHHe.

o6emaljlu, n#ocB6B1, npea- lwonyjujjanpody wjyathashappened. JI
JlolxeHHx,HaMepelmz

uuko He Mcc

O'
I*M,trrtl

ltrlocb.

5. c BBIPYKeHHSMH l1PeJlrIO- lexpecthewillwantto stayatthebesthotel.r ocralloBlf'rbcà B
JIo)KeHHA, COMHeHHSA BePOr - JI rloaaralo, q'ro oll aaxoqe'

Ho=

(noeme tllinh expectycaMo;Jlyqtlle; rocrulluue.

wonder, believw be sure,be Idon,tknow when shew illeom e.- .
S He aHalo,
afraid, probably, certainly, KornaoHa nplm en
erha :
O6ce
rosrreawc'
rsa BpeMeuu:
tom orrow ,tonight,thedayaftertomorrow,twodaysIater,nextweek,soon,
in ayear,in summ er,in 2016

63
62

FUTURE PERFECT
yTsepaHTeqwua?
Ma

ipyrHe CnOCO6b1Bblpa-eHMnW mymero BpeMeilM

fhpHqaTeawnaH

BonpocnTeahuan

o Ma

Ma

I
He
She
lt
willhave
W e w orked
You
The
They w ill have arrived
b theend oftheweek.

l
1
He
he
She
she
It
will'notllave
W ill it
have
We
worked
we worked?
You
you
The
the
H ewon'thave Iearnthis W ill you have received
lessonb tomorrow.
m letterb noon?
Cayqau yno'rpe6aellus
JteicrBHe, KoTopoe aaBep- M any naturalresources willhave disappeared
IIIHTCS Açt orlpeaezlelllloro bytheend ofthecentury.- M HoruenpHpoaulk
le
MoMeH'
ra B eMeHH B 6 meM ec clalHcqe3 K Kou c'
roaerlu .
O6c'
ron'
realyc'rsa BpeMellu:
b thattim e,before oucome

Cnoco6

Cayqau yuoTpeGaesus
'

B HPHAaTOHHOM nPeAn0CTBa BpeMeHH:
for2hours,allday Iong

65
64

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67

9.CTpanaTensHsl; aanor

CBoAHal Ta6nMua BMAOBPeMeHHBIXWopM rnarona
B cTpanaTensHoM aanore
Bm oBpeMelm às

YopMa '
l
N
D
E
,
I
N
I

C'
rpaaae
reawulylii
aaaor

Present am
is ' asked
are
Past

was asked '
w ere

T

Future willbe asked

E
c
O
N
T

Present am
is being asked
are

j
N
U
O
U
S
P
E
R
F
E
c

T
M
O
D
A
L
s

Past

flpl- epsl

tobe+V3 .

was beingasked
were

English is always spoken here.- 3necs
Bceraa roBopx'
rHaallrzll
e clçov l3BIKe.
'
The contract was signed an hour ago.KOHTPaKT HOAHHCaJIH HaC H&3aa.

The goodsw illbe senton tim e.- ToBas,oTn aBXT BoB eMx.
The rule is being explained now .- rlpaBuao cexqaco6u cl
u lo'
r.

M y car was being repaired the whole
day yesterday. - M olo Mallmuy
PeMOHTHPOBWIH Bilepa Betb;leHb.

10.CornacoBaHue BpeMeH.KocBeHHa? peHb
NpaBMno cornacoBaHMn BpeMeH
HpHMaH peHb
PresentIndefinite
Hesaid,ç1Iwanttogo home.''
PresentContinuous

KocBeHHaq peub
-+
PasfIndefinite
Hesaid hewanted to go hom e.
-+
PastContinuous

Hesaid,ççIam lookingforajobnom''

Hesaidhewasl
ookingforajobthen.

PresentPerfect
-+
PastPerfect
Shesaid,$$
Ihavesentyouan e-mail.'' Shesaidshehadsentmeane-mail.
PresentPerfectContinuous
-+
PastPerfectContinuous
He said,% have been waiting forages-'' Hesaid he had been waiting forages.
PastIndefinite
-+
PastPerfect
M ollysaid,
-+
-+
-+
-+
-+
-y
-+
-+

KocseHllau e.4ly
there
that
those
then
. thatda
thatni ht
theda before esterda
theni htbefore
twoda sbefore,twoda searlier

tomorrow

-+

thenextda.tàefollowin da

nextweek
in am onth

-+
-+

thenextwiek,thefollowin wèek
amonthlater
69

68

N@peB0A B KOCBeHHYO PeHb Pa3nM9Hb1XTMnOB npemnoeeHMë

11.TMnslycnoBuslx npeqnp-ellM;
l'
IpoebGa,npMlcaa

Theteachersaidtom e,RGototheblackboard.''

Tlm sl
yczlosHlylx npeallo- elx#l;

-+Theteachertoldmetogototheblackboard.

PCRJIEHOe
YWIOBHeHCJIO W BHC

n epollcemanordered,tr on'tparkhere.''
icem anorderednottoparkthere.
- +The pol

l'
Ipm a'
roqlloe
npeaao- elm e
Present
Indefinite

FaaBuoe
npeaao-elm e
Future Indesnite,
Presentlndefinite,
Hfm eaH'
reabl
.
3BOJll'
rB
Ho:lwasmadeto apologizeformy behaviour.- M eHJIN CTaBHJIH H3BHHHTBCS 3aMOe IIOBO CHHC.

Isaw him leavehisoffice at6 sharp.- 51Br ea,Kax

TOSEKO S CMOP BaM nO- OHa CaMa er0 BH/C/a.
.

6yaymee
neicTBHe
would +
raaro.r
l

MOHE.

'
Ifonly they w ould com e
tom orrow .-Ecall6sI
TOJBKO OHH HPHeXAHH
3aBTpa.

lfonly itwould stop raining. - Ecau 6sI Toasxo
Blalpm elm e aow w npexpa'ruacf.
HeaoBoasc'rsw l wish you would not
paaapa-elllu keep intem zpting me. XoTenocB 6u,q'
ro6i,
tBfol
MeltgHerlepeslleaall.

tlpuMepla

rozloB (KpoMe have t% roBoplrrBno-allrnl
G cl
tHaoBonsllo6erao.
beto,ouglltto)
Ho;Shehastosolveproblemsevery day.- EMynpu-

il.
twishesj.tdid itas
6ynymee
JlelicvrB#le

Caynau
ytloTpe6aelm x

.

lt looks as if she
w ould like to go out
with you.- Bce BBIPSSMHT TaK,KaK 6ynTO
OHa XOHCT C TO6O2
BcrpeqaTbcs.

3.nocne raaroaoBHyB- ollBblllle.
n113oYlltapoBlloB6qacoB.
c'reelm oro BocnpHr lu W e noticed the burglar .- get into the house. - M BI
see, watch, notice, 3aMG IIJIH,qTO BOP3a6PaJ1cSBAOM.
hear,feel
Ho:Hew asheard to say that.- CABIm azlw xax oll
cltaaa.rla'ro.

4. nocne Bly
lpaM(eHH; YOuhad better dothejobatonce.- TBI6BIayqllle
had betterRayqm e6B1'' caeaaa pa6o'
ly cpaay)Ke.
ru
would rather ttnpeimo- lwould rather .- go hom e. S 6Iy1npeanoqezlnoi'
IIHTaTB''

noMoi.

5. B Bonpocax, HaHH- W hy not helphim with hishom etmsk?- l'
Ioqeuy6u
HalomHxcx c W hy not He rloMoqs
eMy c AOMaIIJHHM 3aJlaHHeM?
HrloqeMy 6u He''

73
72

*opMBlMH*MHMTMBa
HHYI'HIITHB
Indefinite
oauospeMeHHoe HJIH
6yc m eeaeiic'rBHe
Continuous
oauoBpeMelllloe
arluTezlsHoeaelic'
rBlle
Perfect
tlpeamecurBylomee
ileicerBlle
PerfectContinuous
rlpealtlecrsyloluee
arflfe
rezlslloeaeiitvrBHe

A QCTBHTeJIBHSI;
zaaor

C'rpanaereabHblii
3aaor.

to write

to be written

KollçTpyKqMmGUHI#MHMTMBcnpem lorou forh)
for+

cymecTBlle
renlalloe(06mH2rlaae-)
HJIH

tobewriting

CayqalxynoTpe6aeHuu
tohavew ritten

tohavebeenwritten

tohavebeenwriting

m xozle.

She asked me notto forgetto lock the door.- OHa nonpocllaa Melu He 3a681% aanepe'rlazweps.
He doesn'tlike to be asked questions.- OH He nlo6uT,Koraa eMy 3aaalo'r
Bonpocbl.
Hepretended to be sleeping.- OH nplfrBoplclcx,q'
ro cnu'r.

She seem ed to bereading mymind-- Kaaarloci,,'4TooHaqu-rae'rMoH MBIc,

The children can stillbe watching cartoons.- Jie'
ru,Bow oxolo,Bce eme
cMolw '
rMN BTYHJIBMGI.

'
Iheparcelm usthavebeensenttothewrongaddress.-Hocsmxw Bepolnuo,6sma
cm pau ellarloHesepHovywlpecy.
He isknown to havebeen working atthisproblem form any years.- H3semuo,xnooupa6tyraernwlanm lpe evo;Muoroaer.
lt seems to have been raining ever since we came here.- Kalxuvrcl,q'
ro
Jlow lb Hae'
rcTeX nop,KaK MBIClola IIPHCXM H.

tlpHMeplyl

lt's easy for you to say so.- BaM Jlerxo aTo roBo
pun .
ltwi
llbeverypleasantforustospend aweekin
England.- HaM Gyaeroqells nplu e
rllo npoBec'rH
Heaenlo BAHIUHH.
lt'shigh tim eforyou to sellthato1d car.- Te6e
2. noczle cyltleuvrBlfTeablll
alx naB
llo nopanpoaan 'ry crapylo Mam ully.
tim e, thinp idea, plan, Itwa
s the only thing for m e to do.- g'
ro 61.1
.R0
problem ,suggestion u ap. enllllc'rBelm oe,qTo rIMorcaezlan .

1. noczle npltnaraTeaBlllalx
good,Iate,easy,im portant,
necessalw norm al, impossible,sufficientH zlp.

There's nothing else for her to add.- E; 6onB3.nocne MecroltMelom som e- m eHeqero Jlo6aBHTs.
body, nobody. something, Thereisalw ayssomebody formeto chatwith.nothing
M He Bcem aec'rs cxeM no6oaTan .
4. nocae raarozloB wait,
arrange, advertise, apply,
Pay

W e are waiting for M r Sandy to com e.- M Bl
)m eM,Koraanplfeae'
rMllm'
ep CaHJIH.
Everyt
hing wasarranged for them to arrive.BceG lzlo oplalllfacmallo arlx Hx npH6lylTHx.

5.noczle too,enough

The noise was too loud for me t: sleep.- 3ByK
6Bm CJIHIIIKOM I'POMKHM,HTO6bI# MOrycllyrb.
The road waswide enough for thedriver to turn

lam g1m1to havehelpedyou.-S pa;t
w qlo noMorzlaBaM.
Heissaid to have tqken itforgranted.- rbBopr ,q'rooH Boclzplotgn w'
o Kax

74

+ HHYHHHTHB

MeCTOHMeHHe O6%ClCrHBI; Hazle)lt

1wasproud to study atthisschool.-51ropapmacBTeusqToyxlunacsB3T0:

JIH.

Koscvpfxquuc UH*MHMTMBOM

the car.- iopora 6Bma Jloc-ra-roqllo mupoxoi,
qTo6I>
lBozlll'
reas cMorpaaBeplly'
rlyMam ully.
Thisisforyou to dedde.- g'
ro BaM peman .
6.B Hexoe
ropblx apyrux cny- He opened the door for m e to enter. - OH 0'
rqaxx
Kpsm aBepsJsnslToro,HTo6hlJIBom ea.

KoHcTpyxuus (fO6%eI(THB!; nanee cHH#HHMTHBOM
(cno-HoeJmllollHeHMelb

KoHcTpyKuun ftZMeHMTQIIHàHIaI;nane- cMHWMHMTHBOM
(cno-lloeno4nelKalqeeln

cymec-rBurembbloetot
lmpliinane-)

uau
+IIHIHHHI
-HB
Mec-rouueuue(o6welrrilslt
inaaev)

cymecTBllerenblloe(O6mHiillaaelltl
I

H
I
O
I
I
a
.
R
C
)
K
)
MCCIY
-

C.
l
1)'K!aH YHOTPC6J
-IPHHH

I'
IPHMCPIW

Cllyqa'lI'IIOTPeO eHHS
1. nocae raaronoB say,
report, know, see. hear:
notice.thinlt,believe,ttonSider, SIIPPOSP, exptlet H
ap.B crpaaae
rezfhlfoM 3= 0re

l'
IpHMepbl
She is said to be vely beautiful.-.l-bBopl'
r.uTo
oHaoqeulaKpacuBa.
The delegation isreported to have leftLondon.COOUtIWCTC$lSqTOJICJICIWIJHSFIOKIIHYJIRJIOHJIOH.
She isexpected to tom eany m inute.- 0;I(Haam'cx,HTt)Olla nplleae'
rc MHHyTSIHa MHC RT.
H eproved tobearealfriend.- OH oxaaœlcxHac'
rogmuslzlpyroM.
2. noczle rllaronoB seem , '
1.
he water seems to be boiling.- Kml
teTcx,Boxa
appear, turn out, prove, KHHHT.
.
happen, chance B aeiim'
- I happened to attend thatexhibition when Iwas
BHTeJII>HOM 3aJIOre
in Berlin. - Cayql
lzlocs 'rax,Hl'
o JInocm'
u.
n a'
fy
Bblce
raBxy,Mcuaa6s1
JIBBeplHHe.

1. tlt
3clle FJIaI
''
OJIOB HVBC
< TBCIIHO- i lnevel'heard him raise his voice.--J!HIIKoro BOc;1p14STl!;I'
. See, Watch! rlla HeCal>lllalla,YITO6bIOH I'
IOBLII
JJaJIr'
OJ1Oc.
Observe, notice, hearg feel, N obody noticed m eopen thedoorand Ieave.

smell (c uuphHuu'rI4Bou 6e3 Huxa-o ue aauerun,Kalc;!o'IxpbulaBepla u
xlac-rutw, to) arla oisoauavlellug Bl
oltilepl.
'

.-

OnHOKPaTH(JI-O aCliC-rBI'
l:

Iknow hertobean expeliencedteacher.- JI
2 I'IOCJIC I>
C
O
nOB
F
MC
TB
Q
HH
O;
3HalOp147'0 OHa Oïkblrllbli YHHTCJIb. '
Jla
.
neg'
realalloc-rll: know, think, They didn't expect m e to be invited to the

believe.expectHJlp.

pars'.- OHIIHeOIIIIUaJII,IITO MCH:nPHl'
J1a-

cgT IIaBeuepuulcy.
W e like 0111*products to be in demand.Hau IlpaBu-rcx,Korna Hatuu ToBapu nonb3y3.nocae I-JIaPOJIIIB HXBCTB'
.like, H)Tcg CIIPOCOM.
love,bateu ap.
She doesn't like children to go for walks
alone..
-OHa HenI
o61
4'
r,q-ro6u ge'
ru xoaunu
Ha nporyaxy oimpl.
'
Fhey wantIlclen to com e on Friday.- OHu
XOT)
1T,11TO6fa1JlellaHPHLIJIA B FIJITHHIV .
4. IIOCJIC rJ1arOJIOB )KCTIaHHX: lwotlld like thebook to be returned tom orwant.wislt,w ould likeH ap.
l'OW .- M HC 6%1XOTCJIOCb,HT06bIKHHIJ BePHIUIH 3aBTpa
The teacher told the pupils to hand in the
5. Hocne rplal-oacm lo6y)Kae- papers. - %.
'LIIITCJII
a Cl
ta3ally *ITO6tW YHCHHKH

Heislikely to resign soon..
-OH,HaBepHoe,cltopo noaac'rB o'rcraBxy.
3. nocae rzlarolla be B co- Sheis sure to be asked aboutit.- Ee,Haeeplu Ka,
Mm'aHHH c rlpllnaraTealv o6 a'
roy!cnpocg'r.
HBIMHlikcly,sure,certain They areunlikelytocom eto themeeting.- Bpfa
JIH orllfrfpllay'
rHa cospalllle.

HHg:mal
te,let(cHHYHHHTHBOM CJaJ!HPa6oTBl.
6e3 q3c'
1'HIJbI to)'
, order, ask, Letthem rewritethis exercise. Paapelnu're
-

sa)?stell,requestHap,

jHMne
penlz
lca'
rE3T0YHPaAKHCHHC.
. .

1
77

rueu jj
KoHcTpyKuMm t(O6%errHbl: nane- c npuqac'

npMqacTMn

'

*opMslnpMqacTuë
ne:cTeuTensuulë

-

npuqacTwl
lndefnite
oalloepeMelllloe

j
t
1
m
X

aeiereue
ct
npeamPe
ér
cf
'
re
ày
lom ee

>

aeqca ue

Aanor

writing

CTpanaTensusl;
aanor

HpHqacvrMe11
aeiicvrBue,KoTopoeHcrlbln lBaer
'
Hace6ezluuoHau rlpeaMe'r

havingbeenwritten

written

'
Ihemysoftherisingsun litupthevalley.-JlyquBocxom merocozmm ocBerunu
AOJN .
W hiletranshtingdiflkulttextsw:useadicti
onaly.-rltw Bo;lg'
rpymlBle'
IeKG I,

yBInaqbveMc,cmoBapeM.

'
IhelargesK durebeing builtin ourstreetisa new businesscentre.- R msllloe
Annuuesclm m eeœ HaHallle;ymme,aroHOBB? 6HaHec-qeIIHe
HPOTHBOTKPLITIAOKHO?

W earelooking forwardto yourcoming.- M B1cHee
repnellHeM xcaeM Battlero npuer
u a.
.

Shedislikesbeing losked at.- OHaHeJ1lo6HT,xoraaHaHeeOMO'
rpslT.

Heisproud ofhavingw on in thetournam ent.- OH ropzml'
cx'
reM,xl'
ro no6eaHa BTypllllpe.
H e wasangry about having been disturbed.- OH arluacE H3-3a Toro,HTo
ero no6ecnoxolclu.
81

80

Faaroabl

Fnaronsl,nocne KoTOpb1X MOMPT McnOJ1l
>3OBaTGCR

CzyHaH YHOTPeGAeHHS

KaKHHIhMHMTMB,T@KM rep#HAHë
'

.

raaroawl

!

.

..

. .. .

.

aeicnœlle0a.

HHYHHH-

. .

CayuauynoTpe6aeuHs

HpuMepwl
He stopped to gteet his coloc-ralloéHa ca, league. - OH oc'
rûlloBllncx,

HHYHHII'
I'
IO x11.
û6s1 Bslnozl- q1'o6l>lnot
uopoBa.
rbcxcKozllleHH'
I.
S AelicurBHe

stbp

repymmli

npexpâerlla
gsmoalu'
rs
caezlan

rOX.

He ltopped :moking.
6poclm I
typlll'b:

aeucvsue

-

rem em ber, THB
rem ind,
forgeh
,
regret
r'
epylllmli

repyfml
e

n#U64B:Tb,
aKcnepllMelllw

lvc'
rbBXBEPTH/Yi
1:P23ORHU.
,
y jjjjgjug jjj:ysorbejl. - 14c.
npo6yknot
l:ollu'
rbBzœepb.

pûBa'
rb

Do you preferto waltalittle?1-1:xo'
rll'
reJIITHeMHorönoco-B zllaqeuuu fGo- aaa ?
UHYHHIII'
MB Tersp,toltelaelxsp lwouldpreferto:êeyouinprivute.- S 6b1npelmoqea Bcrpe'rltrbcx cBaMlfJlltqrlo.

advise,

Ijom

HHYHHH-

consider, THB
enc
ourage,
foebi
d, '
permit,
recom m end
repylllm;

used f@

HHYHHH-

h

'rus

t

prefer

Heprefersworldhg on hisown

(tö wbrking.in a team).- Ol4
npeznotlH.
rae'
r pa6o'
ra'rs oalm,
repylmu;

c rllaroJIoMcxaayeMblM

HeY yzlly
'
lzm '
npaBlflY rIHCBMO.

Do you rememjyer se:jng jjljs '
npealllec'rman
' before? - BBI nouuuTe,
Bylo-mee aeliqTo BcrpeqaqH a'
roro qeaoBexa
CTBHe
pasbuze?
He doesn't allow anyone to
rlpu HM HMHH sm oke'in his office.- OH HH-

UHSHHUI'
IIB nsrrxy, nplmo- the window.- Honpo6y; notry

HoBpeMelllloe Rememberto posttheletter.-

OH

no- Try to elimb lh theflûtthrough

AI
W ByCHJIHX

Z PHMePbI

be used to

repyllimz

aonozmeHlu

xoë He paapemae'
r KD HTI,,B

:roojljfce.

.
cKaayeMoe B ltisn'tallowed to sm okein the

m'
paaae
renb-

ofsce.- KypelpeBolmce3a-

HoM 3aJIOre
npem eilo.
.
npu o'
rcyrc'
r- He doesn't allow sm oldng in
Buu aonoaue- his office.- OH He paapemae'
r

HIu

IePH'
I'BBeroolmce.

.

B 3HatIeHHH
lffblBantm y
Gpallblllelb
B 3HaHeHHH
ffnpHBblKaTblh

1 used to swim a 1ot in my
chijxood. - B aercxse Jl,6BIBarlo,MHOFO I'
ITIaBaJI.
Iam used to getting up early.JlIIPHBLIK PaHO BW aEaTB.

aHeIBpr
keofM
ame
).veratherthall
npH cpaâllellull (
H0)
er
to dri
go by train.- 51npeanoqleam
Bec'
rlf MalttlfHyg qeM exa'
rs lla
rloeaae.

needg

AKTHBHOe

HHYHHHTWB r
maxlûlme

Heneedst:workharder.- EMy

ltymllopadota'
rbycepzmee,

wâtltg

l'equireg
deserve

82

My watch requiresr:palrlng. repyllalf;

naccuBlloe 3I.
Ia- MolfqaeblllyAllo o'
rpeMolrrkqeHlle
#OBa'
1%.

83

MAY

13.M oAansH/le rnaronbl
CAN
Past

Pressnt
can
am

ableto

are

anl

is

allowedto

+-

? HIIYHI4IITIIB

MHMVHO

cnoco6lloc'
rs, yMeHue
?

YllpoBan.
Indesnite

From my hotelroom Ieould seethesea.H
3Moero HoMepa# MorBuae'
rBMope.
lwi
llnotbeableto do it.- S He cMol'
y
caena'rb 3To.

npoely6a,pazpem eHHe

Can/Could Iuseyourphone?- Sure,you

@ HeoYlmll ? Indesnite ean.-J1Mory eocnoabaona.rsc,TBOHM Te+
azllHo;
neYolloM?'wKoHeqHo,Mo-emh.
cuTyauuHl
-

o'
rcy'
re'
rsHe
BozM oe ltotvrll

(no o6crox-

Indefinite BBIHeMolxereBcqperlrrsc,cHHM,Tax Kax
ollHa co6palll
m.

'rezlsmœaul

.

lndefinite
Continuous
BozMolKHotn'
b +
Perfect
PerfectContinuous
lndefinite
+ Continuous
coM lcl cIopllcroM.
+ Indefinite You really m ustcom e an'
d see us.- BBI
o&
a
a
'
r
e
ms
t
l
o
J
I
O
J
I
I
K
HG
I
npue
xan K HaM B
' '
rocru.

Continuous ght.- #ozllxllo6BITs,BGIoxlellbym'
arlll
'

+

t IIII#HIIItTHB

ao.
nlKilBlm eaoBa'rGnpaslmaM.

lndefinite You
fli must be very tired after a long

npennozlo-elxHw
BepogTlxoca

+-

uelme

I (uju jje Everybody must follow the rules.- Bce

Perfect nocnenoaroro nepezlm'
a.
PerfectCon- The
t y must have m ade the paym entyestinuous erday.- BepoxTllo.oHH rlpollaBezlllnlla'
re)K Btlepa.

lloaolholopelmocrll

Helo6extljoc'
rs

+- '
#
? lndeshite

aanaallljppsalllloe:
Ij0 HeeoeTtmslll:etq +
ileiel'llle

W hatlsto happen to :urfamily?- H
xl'rb eecraHerc Hattle; ceMbeq?

Iwasto have spoken utthemeetlng,
but felli11.- JIAozleeil6bm Bblc'
rp
na'
rbHacO6paHHH,HO3:6071*1.

Peffed

NEED
SHOULD /O UGHT TO
3

3llaqelxue

+.

? HHYHHIITHB
.

Ixoplmalmenpo- +

lndefinite

Perfect

You should have helpe/ him.- BaM

IlxaoroA ;G BI- aMoqHoHaJIbH'
aR - . . .. .
7 lndellnlte
oe aexa
86

IlpllMepwl

natlelllle

+.

t IIIIIIIIIIIIIA'IIB

,

You should try again.- Tese caenyer norlBrran c, emepaa;
W eoughttogivemoremoneytocharity.HaM cneayer TPaTHTB 6OaBm e AeHer Ha
6naDOTBOPHTe/GHOCTB.

+

eoBs'
r

.

czleaoBar
loeuynoMox
ls.
HOW Should lknow ? - C KaKoliCTaTH S'
Jlopl-ell3TO 3HaTIO

Heo6xozm Moe'tb enseptllelllu Aeli- ?
e'rsu.

.

lndeflnite
P
erfect

llpl- epwl
Youneedn'twash theseglasses.They're
clean.- TbIMomelllb He MBITB aTH c'
raKallbl.OHH HlfW ble:
Needyougotheresosoon?-BaM cxopb
Hymlloyxoim'rb?
.
You needn,t have written to him . -

Te6e.
tle I
ly-llo 6Bmo nHca'
rb eMy (3px
'
ru eMyHanHcaa).

87

SéALL
+-

3Haqeuue
.

? HHYHHHTnB

Heo6yozm Moc'
rw
y3HaTb MHeHHG
.
?
noayqu'
rw cose'
r,
Ka3aHHe

Indeju jte

' npeaaoixeHue ?

osemallHe,
yxa3alm e,
yrpoza

lndefinite

+- Indefinite

14.CTpyxTypa npemno-eHMn
HpuMepwl

W hat shall we do in this situation? VTO HaM Aella'
rbB aTOX CHTXaIIHH?
How long shalllcook spag
hetti?- KaK
'
JlO7IPO MHe FOTOBHTLCrlare'
lq'
ll?
ShallIgive you a liftinto town?- M He
nozwea'
rH Te6# ao ropozla?
Sh
allw e play tennis tomorrow? - ClalraeM aaBT a BTeHHuc?
You'll make a lot of money.'
- l shall
one day.- TBI aapa6oTaemb Mlloro ;leHer.''
-Kom a-llu6yzw,o& aae
rezllyllo.
He shallregret if he comes here.- OH
no- aqee'r,ecnlln Im e'
rclona.

NOPSAOK CnOB B DOBPCTBOPaTPDBHOM nPPADOGPHMM

ionoallellllH

O6tvros'rezllyc'
rBa

HonaeAa- Clcaaye- Gecnpeanpea- .
m ee
Moe Jloœ lloe
JloMœ oe o6pa3a
npsMoe
Mec'
ra spèMelm
KoeBen-

Icocsell- neiic'rBlm

Hoe

W

e

willreceive

Thesellers send

Hoe

thetelegram

soon

the
hebuyers documents

W ILLIF OULD
They

+-

3Haqelxue

? HHSHHHTHB

HpuMepwl
W illyou sign here,please?*
- PacnHmll-

nPock6a,

?

l

ndefinite

npeaao-euue
o6em alxHe

+

('
wi1l)

I

-

peryalpHo noB'
ropgBuxeecn +
neiitvrBl:eB
Ix olllzlo- would

o'rxaa

Blylrloalxs'rw
aeiicrBHe

-

W ould you sit down,please? - He xoTHTeau n Ifcecrla?
'
W e will do everything to satisfy your

wi
sh.
Mbs
la
,eqTo6l>lyaoBJIWB
O-HT
BIac
lln
leez
H
Oe
)M
KeJB
lacHeH
.

'
lndetlnite

H e would spend hours studying the
documents.- OH,6BIBarIo,HacaMH H3yqan zloxyMelln l.
Ih,ave changed the battery butthe phone
wongt work.- S aaMellltq 6a'
rapelo,Ho

'

lndefinite

met

Tecsa4ecs,Ho-anyim'
a.

ndefinite

'

have told

the
new s

him

to him
atthe
bychance theatre yesterday

M erro HapeqlliiHeonpenezlelllloro BPeMCHH

(always,alrtady,often,seldom,never,ever,usually,
normally,rarely,almost,hardly,nearlé'still)
Cayqau ynoTpe6aeHus

HpuMepwl

1.nepea raaroaoM-cxaayeMlalM

Heusually com esto work early.

2.nocae rnaroaa to be

They are never late.
W eare notalways late.

T
eneiollHepa6oTae'
r.
Th

3.nocne nepBoro BcnoMora'rezlslloro Hehasjustbeenasked.'

BO aHHBM CS.

4.yet,before,lately,recently B KoH- H aveyou finished m urwork yet?

q
ekey wentin the lock,butitwouldn t
t
urn.- lQIloq BOIHPJIB 3aMOK,HO He HO-

raaroaa

Shicanbestillsleeping.

uenpem olxeilltg

88

89

KocBelm bliiBonpoc

nopnpoxcnoB B BonpocMTenbHblx npemno-eHMnx

FaaBHoe

HpuaaToqlloenpeaao-elm e

rl eaao- elllle

O6m HiiBonpoc

HoAae
-a-Clçn3yeMoe coI()3
m ee

BcnoMora'
realy- Iloillleœa- .
-.
..
O6eTogTe2IbHI>liiraaro.
tiKa3ve
rl
mee
e M()e MonoallellHe
c'
rpo
ls
them an
smoking
apipe?
Don't
you
rem ember
ourtrip?
Do
you
no$remembvr
ourtrip
to Brussels?
W as
anyone
I
late
forthemeeting?
Is
there
any m oney
in the box?
Did
he
say
thathewasbusy?

Ho
aae- Clçaaye- Jlonozille- O6cToHRam
ee

asked (whether)
He

wonders

when

he

TQJIbCTB/

raaroa

W hat

are

you

lookingat?

H
ow long

has

she

beenliving

don't

you

leave

is

there

W hy
W hat

with herhusb
and?
thepoordog alone?
on
fl the
oor?

BOHPOCK Tloilaelxam em llaH ert)OIIPeRO eHHIO

svho/Avhat

CxaayeMoe

ionoaueuue

O6cTonTeaweTpo

W ho
W ho

isreading

abook

W hatbook

islying

atthewindow?
in tha
htold brick
ouse?
onthetable?

W hosechildrrn
How manypœple

came
work

90

Iives

withm u

yesterday?
inthelaboratory?

TeabTBo

hadbought anew car before
esterda .

she

etsu .

PazpeaKrellbllbliiBOIIPOP
BcnoMoraTeas- H
Hbllirzlaroa
onae- am ee

IloBetvrBoBaTealylloeIlpeaao-elllle

e.rloBe

HHe

the day

Cneuuaabuwll Bonpoc
Bonpoel;- BcrmMoraO6
cTogTeablloe
Teabllblii (Waeœam eeclfa3yeMt)e OIIOJIHeHH

M oe

if

They weregoing outofbusiness,

(BnpoTHBOnOJIO)K- (BBlla.eMeW'
OHOliYopMe)
HMeHHA)
weren't

they?

don't

you?

Jamescannotprove hispoint,

can

he?

Therearen'tm anypeoplehere,

are

there?

To beornottobe,thatisthequestion,

isn't

it?

n oseflowersarethemostbm utifulofall,

aren't

they?

Everyone willgeta chance,

won't

they?

Nothing hasbeen done ayearlater,

has

it?

lt'spm blematictotavelwithoutav1sa,

is

it?

will(won't)

you?

Don'tdo thatagain,

will

you?

Let'sgo shoppingtogethir,

shall

we?

Letmestaywithyoutonight,

will

you?

M illie can hardlv believe whatshe's
achieved,

can

she?

Idon'tthinkawone'ssueaestedthisvet

have

they?

You haveto go home,

Passmethebook,

91

Ta6nMua HenpaBMnhHblx rnaronoB
Vj
1. arise
2. awake

Vz
arose
awoke/
awaked
was,Were
bore
beat
becam e
be an
bit
'blew
broke
brou ht
built
burnt
bou ht'
cau ht
chose
came
cost
cut
dealt
did
drew
dreamt/
dream ed

V3
arisen
awoken/
awaked
been
born
beaten
become
be un
bit
blown
broken
brou ht
built
burnt
bou ht.
cau ht
chosen
come
cost
cut
dealt
done
drawn
dreamt/
dream ed

24.drjnk

drank

drank

nlf'rs

25.drive
26.eat
27.fall
22.feed
29.feel
30.fiht
31.find
32.tl
33.for et
34.for ive

drove
ate
fell
fed '
felt
fou ht
found
flew
forot
forave

driven
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
.
fou ht
found
flown
for otttn
for iven

e3aH1,B,Bea'
ru
ecx , tllan
naaa'
rs,nolm-a'
rsc,
xo MH'
I'
b
H BCTBOBaTB
6o o'
rscl,c mxan c,
Haxoall'
rs
aera'
rh
aa6blBaTs
n owa'rs

3. be
4. bear
5. beat
6. become
7. be in
8. bite
9. blow
10.break
11.brin
12,build
13.burn
14 bu
15.catch
16.choose
17.com e
18.cost
19.cut
20.deal
21.do
22.draw
23,dreàm

92

3HaqeHHe
BO3HHKaTL;IIIWHHMaTK S
6yaHTb,rlpo6yv a'
rs
6b14+
,
Hecl'
ll;ne ellocll'
rb
CHTB;Ho6ev an
CTaHOBHTSCS;rlOIKXOJIHTS
HaHHHaTB cx
ca'
rb cx
b
JloMa'rb cl ;Ha ma'
rs
n HHOCHTB
c'
r OH'
I'
B
ro m+,eeub
no rla'rb

noBH'
rs,cxBaTblsa'
rb
BbI6H a'rh
rf Hxoall'
rs
c'
roHa
eaaa ;cox ama'
rb
M HHMaTSCJIxleM-zl.
aeaa'rs
HcoBan
Meue
ran;BH;Im'
BcoH

35.freeze
36. et
37. ive
32. o
39. row
40.han
41.have
42.hear

froze
ot
ave
went
rew
hun
had
heard

frozen
ot
iven
one
rown
hun
had
heard

Mo oaHTb;aaMo mKHBaTB
no qal'
s;c'
raHoBll'rbcx
aaaa'
rs
HaTH,exa'
rs
am'
u;CTaHOBHTSC,
Buce'
rb
HMeI'
B
cablttla'
rb

43.hide

hid

hidden

n xTaTstcàl

44.hit
45.hold
46.hurt
47.kee

hit
held
hurt
ke t

hit
held
hurt
kcpt

aa JITB
ae ea'
rs;Baazle'
rs
n HqHluTs.6oas,e ezl
x aHHTS;n ozmzlma'
rb

48.know

knew

kyown

allan

49.la

laid

laid

Kaam'b;Boanara'
rs

50.lead

led

Ieqk

Bem'
H; KoBonll'
rs

51.learn
52.leave
53.lend
54.1et
55.lie
56.lie
57.lose
58.m ake
59.m ean
60.meet
61. a
62. ut

.

learnt/learned
. left
lent
let
la
lied
lost
m ade
m eant
met
aid
ut

learnt/leam ed
left
lç.
pt
let
lain
lied
Iost
made
meant
met
aid
t)t

HHTB c, ; 3IIaBa'I.
B
oce
raBzlxrrb,noxHaa'rb
naBan B3a#iMhI
noaBonx'rs
zle-a'rs
zlra'rb
Te g'
I'
s
Jlezla'rb
HaMe eBan cs;oallaqa'
rs
Bc ena'rb
nnalun
Knaczs

..

63.raise
64.read

raised
read

raised
read

nozmuMams,rloBslle 'rb
HHe
ral'b

65.rin
66.rise
67.run
68.sa
69.see
70.sell

ran
rose
ran
said
saw
sold

run
ris-tqrun
said
seef
!- . .e- sold

3BOHHTB

71.send

sent

sent

npoaaBan
D clgzlaz'
b,oTn aBJIXTB

72.set

set

set

qloMelllan

73.shake

shook

shaken

'
r gcvu cB)

'

HozillllMan cl
6e-an
zoeo HTS,cKaaa'
rh
Blm e'rb

93

74.shine
75.shoot
76.show

shone
shot
showed

shone
shot
shown /
showed '

eufTb,snecTers
c'
r ezll'
rB
noKmaslean

77.shut

shut

shut

aaK BIBaTIa(c,)

78.sin
79.sink
80.sit
81.slee
82.smell
83.s eak

san
sank
sat
sle t
sm elt/smelled
s oke

sun
sunk
sat
sle t
sm elt/smelled
s oken

ners
.
cllmxan cx,no lxae
rscx
cuam.
s
cnan
HioxaTs,nax 1,
roBo H'ri,

84.s end
85.s read

s ent
s read

s ent
s read

86.sànd
87.steal

stood
stole

stood
stolen .

88.strike

struck

stnlck

89.sw ee
90.sw im
91.take
92.teach
93.tell
94.think

swe t
swam
took
te
tti t
told
thou t

swe t
swum
tken
tau ht
told
thou ht

Mem.
u
nzll a'
rs
6 an
o6 qan
cxaaa'rB
Man

I5.throw

threw

thrown

6 oca'
rs

6.understand understood
97.w ake
w oke

understood
woken

nolluMan
6 au'
rs,H ocBlnan cx

9B.Wear

Wore

Wo1m

HOCHTB;H3HaIIIHBaTB CS)

99.w in
loo.write

w on
wrote

won
written

BBIH BIBaTB,no6ev a'rb
nHcan

.

94

an'
rrs; Bomrrs(B evg
acn ocr aHlTstcll
m'ox'
rla
Ic acn

aa Jlvlytcl ;6acvroBa'
rs

nMTepaTypa
Azar, B.Chartbook:A Reference Gram mar/ B.Azar.- 3dedition.- N ew
York:Longman,2000.- 136p.
Eastwood,J,Oxford Guide to English Gram mar/J.Eastwood.- Oxford:
Oxford University Press,2002.- 446 p.
Evans,V .FCE Use ofEnglish/V.Evans.- Newbury:ExpressPublishing,
2000.- 219 p.
Swan, M .PracticalEnglish Usage /M .Swan.- 3dedition.- Oxford:Oxford
University Press,2005.- 658 p.
APUHHOBHH,H .K.Allrallicxal I'
IMMMaTHKaBTasnlm ax:cnpaBoqllHlt/H .K.
APIJHHImHH.- M .:AcTpenB:.ACT:TpaH3HTKHura,2005.- 110 c.
FpaMMa'rulca allrzlle cxoro rlaslxa B cxeuax H Ta6auuax iul, 5-11 KaaccoB

osuwo6paaopaTeabllblx Itlxon /aBln-coc'
r.Kcellollolle
roBa T.C.Hoa pea.
A6Heeo;H,A .-CI16.:TpuroH,2009.- 224 c.

gpoaaoBa,T.iO.EnglishGrammar:ReferenceandPractice:yxle6.noco6He/
T.IO.ipoaloBa,B.F.MallaoBa.- 3-eu3;I.,Hcnp.Haon.- CH6.:G'
rpllaaap,
1997.- 288 c.
HOHHHa, A.A .AllraHicxag rpaMMaTlll
ca B cxeuax H Tae lmax:y'Ie6Hoe
uoco6ue/A.
A.Houuuw A.
C.CMKXH.-M.:4frlpocnerm,2009.-160c.
Houulla,A .
A .AllrnHicxagrpauMaeruxa:Teoplu Hnparruxa/A.A .Houuuw

A.C.Cnnkgll.-M.:fd-lpocnerrp,2009.- 160c.-2-eH3a.,Hcnp.-M.:Pozlbi,
2001.- 448 c,
l0. KaplIIHIaIiiHHTepHe-l--Mara3uu http://www-litera-by

j'
h eôhoe z/atl//fz/ta

M HTPOIIIKHHR TJTIASHI
IBHKTOPOBIIJ

CI-IPAB OIIHM K H O FPANIM A TH KE

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l-loanplcal.loBneua-rs25.0l.2011.m opMa-r60x84 1/j6. EyMara'
ruuolpatjcxaq.
V!
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rbot
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rnax.Yca.ueu.JI.5,58,y.
1.-u3a..
R.3,
05.Tupalx31003K3.

3axa3126# ,

Hayqllo-rrexlv
lllqecKoeOUmecl'Bocorpalxllqeylploiio'rBevrcvrBeslilocn lo G're'rpacllcn'eMchh.
JIH .%202330/0494056o'r03.02.2009.
yaocloBcpelllleOrocyaapc'rBelllloiiFHFHCHHLICCKOZPCFHCTPaIJHII
Na08-33-2.79451o'r14.l0.2008.
Vn.Akneanoaopolxuax,9,220014,r.M uuclç.Tea.219-74-01,

e-mail:rtsminsk@mail.
ru,http://www.
tsxby.
VHHTaPHOCIIOJIHI'
PC
IIIIIHCCIOCFIPCJIPHXTHC
GSHTCUCKM O6J1aCTI1aH'
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Jll-l.1202330/0494165o'r03.04.2009.

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